Education plays a vital role in the development of a country, necessitating timely efforts to enhance its quality. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in India has introduced various educational policies to improve the education system. However, several challenges persist in the higher education sector, including students' lack of knowledge, confidence, values, and skills. These issues stem from the disconnect between education, employment, and skill development within the traditional education system. Considering Nagaland's education system, which has been predominantly traditional, the implementation of the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) at the undergraduate level has presented numerous challenges in the higher education sector. The shift from a teacher-centric approach to a student-centric approach, as emphasized by CBCS, has been a significant obstacle to the smooth functioning of the education system in Nagaland.
Furthermore, the freedom given to students to choose subjects of their interest for their degree poses additional challenges for many colleges in Nagaland. Other difficulties faced by colleges include human resource development, inadequate infrastructure, teacher shortages, procurement of books and study materials, and adaptation to the new system. While the CBCS program is innovative and holds the potential to bring about significant changes in the education system, its implementation in Nagaland only began in 2022, which has further impacted the state's education system compared to more advanced states. Additionally, both students and teachers in Nagaland are currently grappling with a lack of understanding of the CBCS program, posing a major threat to the quality of education in the higher education sector. This paper aims to explore the challenges posed by CBCS in Nagaland, shedding light on the issues faced by colleges and proposing possible solutions.
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