Dr. B A Venkateshalu
There has been increasing interest in the use of Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) technologies, such as artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, block chain, robotics, data analytics and others, to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Organizations such as UNESCO and the World Economic Forum have sponsored initiatives to make countries aware of the benefits of using 4IR technologies for sustainable development and to improve quality of life. The fourth industrial revolution is grounded on the fusion of a broad diversity of engineering sciences and concepts. Some of the technologies that are considered to be an integral part of the FIR have been used in manufacturing before, such as robotics and additive manufacturing. A number of developed countries such as Germany, the UK and USA have put in place public policies that focus on implementing Fourth IR in their respective countries. It is critical that developing countries also take steps to adapt Fourth IR in order to take advantage of it as well as not be adversely affected by these technologies if not adopted. The present article is a descriptive study of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the Indian context.
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